Having most religions date back thousands of years it is difficult to keep track of which ones have come and gone. As of the modern day age, the 5 main religious groups of Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism and Folk Religion surprisingly account for 84% of the world’s population. Even though these are the main groups of religion in the world today, there are several more that people all over the world are involved in. Below we’ll discuss some of the more famous religions and a brief summary of what they are about.
Judaism is the oldest known Abrahamic originating in Israel. With Judaism, there are a variety of movements involved with the religion as a whole, but the main one stems from the story that god revealed himself to Moses and bestowed the ten commandments which govern the world. Historically speaking, this assertion was challenged by many other groups, resulting in a violent past for the Jews.
Christianity has many branches within its religion, the main branch stems from the belief and teachings of Jesus Christ and the new testament. Christians believe in trinity which is the unity of Father, Son and Holy spirit as three persons in one godhead. Christianity is by far the most populated religion and it has always preached values of love, peace, and giving.
Islam is mainly based on the Quran, one of the holy books considered by all Muslims to be revealed by God. It is also based on the teachings of an Islamic prophet named Muhammad. Islam is the most widely practiced religion in the areas of Southeast Asia, North Africa, Western Asia, and Central Asia. While some Muslim-majority countries also exist in parts of South Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Southeast Europe. There are also several Islamic republics (or countries), including Iran, Pakistan, Mauritania, and Afghanistan. Interesting fact: while Christians observe their day of rest on Sundays, Jews observe theirs on Saturdays, and Muslims observe their day of rest on Fridays. This can potentially cause problems in the U.S. because the standard work week is Monday-Friday. A Muslim friend of ours used to work at a company that did fence installations and repairs in Grand Prairie, TX and was thankfully able to switch his schedule around to work on Saturdays instead of Fridays.
Hinduism is an Indian based faith and it describes the similar philosophies of Vaishnavism, Shaivism, and related groups practiced or founded in in India. Concepts that Hinduism is based around include karma, caste, reincarnation, mantras, yantras, and darśana. Hinduism is the most ancient of still-active religions with origins perhaps as far back as prehistoric times.
Those are just a couple of the world’s more popular religions and typically the ones which preach the common philosophies of love, faith, and peace. Attached are a couple more articles on how these religions interact with each other in the modern world.